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  • Aarti Home Team

The Silent Crisis: Female Foeticide in Our Society

Updated: Dec 11, 2023



In the shadows of rapidly advancing societies lies a silent crisis - female foeticide. It's a harsh reality where a girl's life is often devalued before her birth, rooted in deep-seated gender biases and cultural norms. This blog post aims to shed light on this tragic issue, delving into its causes, consequences, and what can be done to combat it.


Understanding Female Foeticide


Female foeticide, the deliberate termination of a pregnancy upon learning that the fetus is female, is an alarming manifestation of gender discrimination. It's driven by a complex interplay of cultural, economic, and societal factors. In many cultures, boys are preferred for reasons ranging from economic—carrying on the family name, to social—conducting rites and rituals. Girls, on the other hand, are often seen as a financial burden due to practices like dowry.



The Consequences Are Far-Reaching


The repercussions of female foeticide are profound and far-reaching. It disrupts the natural gender balance, leading to a skewed sex ratio. This imbalance can result in increased human trafficking, violence against women, and societal unrest. Furthermore, it perpetuates a cycle of gender discrimination, where the value of women in society is undermined.


Root Causes: A Cultural and Social Perspective


The roots of female foeticide lie deep in cultural and social norms. In many societies, there's a persistent preference for a male child. This preference is often tied to economic considerations, as sons are traditionally considered breadwinners.Moreover, the continued practice of dowries in marriages places a financial burden on the girl's family, further incentivising the preference for male offspring.



Technology's Double-Edged Sword


Advancements in medical technology, while beneficial in many ways, have also facilitated female foeticide. Ultrasound technology, intended for monitoring the health of the fetus, is misused for sex determination, thereby aborting a female foetus. This misuse underscores the need for strict enforcement of laws that prohibit sex determination and selective abortion.  Though the Government has enacted the “Pre-Concept and Pre-Natal Diagnosis Techniques Act”, strictly prohibiting revealing the sex of the foetus, this evil practise is continued unabated as the punishments for violating the Act are rare.


Combatting Female Foeticide


Combatting this issue requires a multi-faceted approach. Firstly, strict enforcement of laws against pre-concept and prenatal sex determination and selective abortion is crucial. However, legal action alone is not enough. There needs to be a shift in societal attitudes and beliefs. This change can be fostered through education and awareness campaigns that emphasize the value of girls and women in society.


Our Impact in the Fight Against Female Foeticide


At Aarti for Girls, we've taken significant steps to address this crisis. Our awareness campaigns in local communities aim to reshape perceptions and emphasize the value of girls. We've been successfully implementing  women's empowerment programs, providing skills and education to demonstrate the vital role of women in society. Collaborating with local authorities, we work to enforce laws against gender-based discrimination and prenatal sex determination. The success stories from our initiatives are a testament to the positive change we are fostering.


Bringing Change in Our Regions


At Aarti for Girls, we understand the importance of action in this crisis. Our efforts in various regions have been focused on creating tangible change, and we are proud to share some of our key initiatives and their impact.


The sorry state of the Sex Ratio in Kadapa District:


Sex Ratio can be defined as the number of females for 1000 males. Thus, a sex ratio of 1000 implies complete parity between the two sexes. However, the sex ratio in the district continued to fall from 951 in 2001 to 919 in 2011. Another worrying index is the child-sex ratio, which is around 936. The technological developments in the medical field have helped in determining the sex of the fetus, leading to aborting the female fetus, which in turn has led to an unbalanced sex ratio.  

Since its founding, Aarti for Girls has been working to eliminate these discriminations against girls and women. A program named “Manabidda”, funded by the European Commission, worked exclusively to increase the child sex ratio in Kadapa District. The project formed Support groups in each of the Mandals for the sustainability of the project.

1. Education and Awareness Campaign


We have actively conducted education and awareness campaigns in several communities. These campaigns aim to alter deeply ingrained perceptions about the value of girls children. By engaging with community leaders, families, and young individuals, we're fostering a new narrative that celebrates and values the birth of a girl.


2. Women's Empowerment Programs

Empowering women is crucial in combating female foeticide. Our vocational training programs and women support groups aim to provide women with the skills and confidence needed to be economically independent. This independence is key in altering the perception of women as burdens.



3. Collaboration with Local Authorities


Our collaboration with local authorities has been instrumental in enforcing laws against illegal prenatal sex determination and selective abortion. By working together, we ensure that these practices are illegal and socially unacceptable.



4. Success Stories

The accurate measure of our impact is seen in the success stories emerging from our programs. We have numerous accounts of women who, after participating in our programs, have become advocates for change in their communities, influencing others to value and respect girl children.


5. Ongoing Efforts and Future Goals


While we have made significant strides, our journey is far from over. We are committed to expanding our reach and intensifying our efforts to create a world where female foeticide is a thing of the past. Our future goals include broader community engagement, enhanced educational programs, and stronger legal frameworks to protect girls' rights.


Moving Forward


As we move forward, it's essential to remember that the fight against female foeticide is not just a fight for the rights of unborn girls; it's a fight for the very fabric of our society. Every girl has the right to life, and every society benefits from gender equality. Through collective efforts in law enforcement, education, and awareness, we can hope to end this silent crisis and create a world where every life is valued, regardless of gender.



Join Us in Making a Difference


Your support and involvement can make a profound impact. We invite you to join us at Aarti for Girls in our efforts to eradicate female foeticide and champion the cause of gender equality. Whether it’s through spreading awareness, volunteering, or contributing to our initiatives, every action counts. Together, we can ensure that every girl child is not only born but is cherished and empowered to reach her full potential. Be a part of this vital change – because every girl deserves a future.



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